A general guideline of what to be expected in a baby’s year one development. This is not intended to replace a doctor’s advice.
Every mother and father hope for their child to be healthy from the moment pregnancy is confirmed. Many parents are likely to count their baby’s fingers and toes at birth to make sure she has the correct number of those. Parents just want to be sure their little one is on track. Detailed in this article are the developmental milestones for a baby’s first year.
Birth to Month Three Milestones
In the first month of life, a baby’s primary activity is sleeping closely followed by eating. In the second month, a baby is awake a bit more, and a tentative schedule has begun to form. By the third month, activities become more social as the baby shows his or her personality more. In the first three months, a baby can:
- Respond to sound.
- Focus on items with 8 to 12 inches from him, and studies face.
- Try to lift his head.
- Have a strong reflexive response to having the cheek stroke.
- Have a strong grasp reflex.
- Respond to light.
- Track toys and other movements with his eyes.
- Make cooing sounds.
- Start copying simple sounds.
- Smile at trusted people.
- Lift his head without much control when on the tummy.
- Lift his head to a 45-degree angle from the surface he is lying on.
- Stiffen legs as if to stand.
- Reach for shiny/dangling objects.
- Grasp and shake small toys such as rattlers.
- Imitate sounds.
- Recognize and trust known people, distrust, and fear strangers.
- Begin to develop hand-eye coordination.
- Energetically kick and move when awake.
- Bring your hands together.
- Enjoy circle and/or spiral patterns.
Milestones for Months 4, 5, and 6
During this time period, the parents have begun to really know the child’s personality. Halfway through year one development, needs can be anticipated before the little one starts fussing. Playtime on the floor can begin early in this stage. The baby may sleep through the night or nearly so. Teething and eating solids begin in this time frame. During this time period, a baby can:
- Hold his head up at a 90-degree angle.
- Lift his head and chest and attempt to move when on the tummy.
- Roll from tummy to back quickly, followed by the reverse.
- Put everything in the mouth.
- Recognize the bottle or breast.
- Become more responsive to sound.
- Have distinct cries.
- Track things in a 180-degree arc.
- See things from across the room.
- Pay attention to a small toy.
- Begin to use hands as tools to get wanted items.
- Start teething.
- Drop things to see if parents will pick them up.
- Try to hold himself up when sitting and controls his head well sometimes.
- Copy vowel sounds and make sounds often thought to be” mama” or” dada.”
- Sit by himself with minimal or no support.
- Roll over and travel short distances by rolling.
- Hold the bottle or drink from a cup.
- Open his mouth for the spoon.
- Copy facial expressions and respond to the short cue.
Milestones in From Months 7 to 9
During this stage, babies love to put things in their mouths. Hand-eye coordination has developed, making eating finger foods possible. It will likely be necessary to put up a baby gate to keep the young ones safe while exploring. Babies develop their own routines by this time and may even play independently for short periods. Some babies are even attempting to walk and talk at this time. At this stage, the baby can:
- Self-feed finger foods.
- Look for sources of sound.
- Engage in games like peek-a-boo.
- Intimate more sound.
- Blow bubbles.
- Read emotions.
- Chew on toys as teeth for.
- Roll around and sit unsupported.
- Babble to himself.
- Get into to position to attempt to crawl.
- Have different reactions to different people.
- Have favorite people.
- Make different sounds for different wants.
- Become anxious when away from mother and/or father.
- Sleep through the night due to a more structured sleep schedule.
- Reach for toys.
- Grasp a small item.
- Go from lying to sitting unassisted.
- Recognize himself.
- Attempt to try to take an eating utensil but is not yet ready for self-feeding.
Milestones for 10 to 12 Months
At this point, a baby can have appropriate reactions. The child will have favorite games. He can:
- Swap hands with a toy.
- Stand with assistance.
- Understand “no” and shake the head to indicate “no”.
- Greet and wave at people.
- Say words like” mama.”
- Craw, walk, and climb.
- Feed himself.
- Fear strangers.
The first 12 months of a baby’s life can be one of the most exciting times for parents. Remember that every baby develops differently. Some reach certain year one development milestones faster than others. If parents are worried about their child’s development, they should consult a doctor.